Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism Princeton Studies in Culture/Power/History

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Princeton University Press #ad - Many writers have understood colonial rule as either "direct" French or "indirect" British, with a third variant--apartheid--as exceptional. The result is a groundbreaking reassessment of colonial rule in Africa and its enduring aftereffects. By tapping authoritarian possibilities in culture, and by giving culture an authoritarian bent, indirect rule decentralized despotism set the pace for Africa; the French followed suit by changing from direct to indirect administration, while apartheid emerged relatively later.

In analyzing the obstacles to democratization in post- independence Africa, Mahmood Mamdani offers a bold, insightful account of colonialism's legacy--a bifurcated power that mediated racial domination through tribally organized local authorities, reproducing racial identity in citizens and ethnic identity in subjects.

Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism Princeton Studies in Culture/Power/History #ad - Apartheid, mamdani shows, was actually the generic form of the colonial state in Africa. While direct rule denied rights to subjects on racial grounds, indirect rule incorporated them into a "customary" mode of rule, with state-appointed Native Authorities defining custom. Through case studies of rural uganda and urban South Africa resistance movements, we learn how these institutional features fragment resistance and how states tend to play off reform in one sector against repression in the other.

Reforming a power that institutionally enforces tension between town and country, and between ethnicities, is the key challenge for anyone interested in democratic reform in Africa. This benign terminology, Mamdani shows, masks the fact that these were actually variants of a despotism.

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How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

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Verso #ad - The classic work of political, powerfully introduced by angela davisin his short life, the Guyanese intellectual Walter Rodney emerged as one of the leading thinkers and activists of the anticolonial revolution, leading movements in North America, the African continent, and historical analysis, economic, South America, and the Caribbean.

His deportation catalyzed 20th century Jamaica's most significant rebellion, the 1968 Rodney riots, and his scholarship trained a generation how to think politics at an international scale. This meticulously researched analysis of the abiding repercussions of European colonialism on the continent of Africa has not only informed decades of scholarship and activism, it remains an indispensable study for grasping global inequality today.

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa #ad - In 1980, shortly after founding of the Working People's Alliance in Guyana, the 38-year-old Rodney would be assassinated. In his magnum opus, how europe underdeveloped Africa, Rodney incisively argues that grasping "the great divergence" between the west and the rest can only be explained as the exploitation of the latter by the former.

In each locale, rodney found himself a lightning rod for working class Black Power.

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Fighting the Greater Jihad: Amadu Bamba and the Founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1853-1913 New African Histories

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Ohio University Press #ad - Fighting the greater jihad also reveals how religious power is built at the intersection of genealogy, and spiritual force, knowledge, and how this power in turn affected colonial policy. Fighting the greater jihad will dramatically alter the perspective from which anthropologists, historians, and political scientists study Muslim mystical orders.

In senegal, a large islamic sufi order, is the single most influential religious organization, the Muridiyya, including among its numbers the nation’s president. He makes a compelling case for reexamining the history of Muslim institutions in Africa and elsewhere in order to appreciate believers’ motivation and initiatives, especially religious culture and education, beyond the narrow confines of political collaboration and resistance.

Fighting the Greater Jihad: Amadu Bamba and the Founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1853-1913 New African Histories #ad - Drawn from a wide variety of archival, french, and iconographic sources in Arabic, oral, and Wolof, Fighting the Greater Jihad offers an astute analysis of the founding and development of the order and a biographical study of its founder, Cheikh Amadu Bamba Mbacke. Cheikh anta babou explores the forging of Murid identity and pedagogy around the person and initiative of Amadu Bamba as well as the continuing reconstruction of this identity by more recent followers.

. Yet little is known of this sect in the West.

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States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control - Second Edition Princeton Studies in International History and Politics Book 149

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Princeton University Press #ad - Theories of international relations, assumed to be universally applicable, have failed to explain the creation of states in Africa. The final chapter on policy prescriptions has also been revised to reflect the evolution of African and international responses to state failure. Herbst's bold contention—that the conditions now facing African state-builders existed long before European penetration of the continent—is sure to provoke controversy, for it runs counter to the prevailing assumption that colonialism changed everything.

This revised edition includes a new preface in which the author links the enormous changes that have taken place in Africa over the past fifteen years to long-term state consolidation. There, the interaction of power and space is dramatically different from what occurred in Europe. In states and power in africa, Jeffrey Herbst places the African state-building process in a truly comparative perspective.

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Black Skin, White Masks

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Grove Press #ad - Hailed for its scientific analysis and poetic grace when it was first published in 1952, colonialism, the book remains a vital force today from one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, and racial difference in history. Fanon’s masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers.

A major influence on civil rights, black Skin, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks  represents some of his most important work.

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So Long a Letter

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Waveland Press, Inc. #ad - Addressed to a lifelong friend, aissatou, it is a record of Ramatoulaye’s emotional struggle for survival after her husband betrayed their marriage by taking a second wife. This semi-autobiographical account is a perceptive testimony to the plight of educated and articulate Muslim women. The brief narrative, is a sequence of reminiscences —some wistful, written as an extended letter, some bitter—recounted by recently widowed Senegalese schoolteacher Ramatoulaye Fall.

Considered a classic of contemporary african women’s literature, So Long a Letter is a must-read for anyone interested in African literature and the passage from colonialism to modernism in a Muslim country. Written by award-winning african novelist mariama bâ and translated from the original French, So Long a Letter has been recognized as one of Africa’s 100 Best Books of the 20th Century.

So Long a Letter #ad - Winner of the prestigious Noma Award for Publishing in Africa. Angered by the traditions that allow polygyny, they inhabit a social milieu dominated by attitudes and values that deny them status equal to men. Ramatoulaye hopes for a world where the best of old customs and new freedom can be combined.

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Africa since 1940: The Past of the Present New Approaches to African History Book 1

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Cambridge University Press #ad - Frederick cooper's book on the history of decolonization and independence in Africa is part of the textbook series New Approaches to African History. Bridging the divide between colonial and post-colonial history, religious leaders and local leaders sought to refashion the way they lived, worked, peasants and workers, it allows readers to see just what political independence did and did not signify and how men and women, and interacted with each other.

This text will help students understand the historical process out of which Africa's position in the world has emerged.

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When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda

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Princeton University Press #ad - Rejecting easy explanations of the Rwandan genocide as a mysterious evil force that was bizarrely unleashed, When Victims Become Killers situates the tragedy in its proper context. Mahmood mamdani coaxes to the surface the historical, geographical, and political forces that made it possible for so many Hutus to turn so brutally on their neighbors.

Underlying his statement was the realization that, the slaughter was performed by hundreds of thousands of ordinary citizens, though ordered by a minority of state functionaries, doctors, priests, including judges, and friends. An incisive look at the causes and consequences of the Rwandan genocide"When we captured Kigali, we thought we would face criminals in the state; instead, we faced a criminal population.

When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda #ad - So a political commissar in the Rwanda Patriotic Front reflected after the 1994 massacre of as many as one million Tutsis in Rwanda. In so doing, mamdani usefully broadens understandings of citizenship and political identity in postcolonial Africa and provides a direction for preventing similar future tragedies.

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The Wretched of the Earth

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Grove Press #ad - Bearing singular insight into the rage and frustration of colonized peoples, the book incisively attacks the twin perils of postindependence colonial politics: the disenfranchisement of the masses by the elites on the one hand, and the role of violence in effecting historical change, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other.

The wretched of the earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black consciousness movements around the world, and this bold new translation by Richard Philcox reaffirms it as a landmark. The wretched of the earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation.

The Wretched of the Earth #ad - A distinguished psychiatrist from martinique who took part in the Algerian Nationalist Movement, Frantz Fanon was one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history. Fanon’s masterwork is a classic alongside edward Said’s Orientalism or The Autobiography of Malcolm X, and it is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers.

Fanon’s analysis, a veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, has been reflected all too clearly in the corruption and violence that has plagued present-day Africa.

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On the Postcolony Studies on the History of Society and Culture Book 41

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University of California Press #ad - In a series of provocative essays, Mbembe contests diehard Africanist and nativist perspectives as well as some of the key assumptions of postcolonial theory. Mbembe reinterprets the meanings of death, utopia, and the divine libido as part of the new theoretical perspectives he offers on the constitution of power.

He works with the complex registers of bodily subjectivity — violence, and laughter — to profoundly contest categories of oppression and resistance, autonomy and subjection, wonder, and state and civil society that marked the social theory of the late twentieth century. This thought-provoking and groundbreaking collection of essays—his first book to be published in English—develops and extends debates first ignited by his well-known 1992 article "Provisional Notes on the Postcolony, " in which he developed his notion of the "banality of power" in contemporary Africa.

On the Postcolony Studies on the History of Society and Culture Book 41 #ad - In on the postcolony he profoundly renews our understanding of power and subjectivity in Africa. Achille mbembe is one of the most brilliant theorists of postcolonial studies writing today. This provocative book will surely attract attention with its signal contribution to the rich interdisciplinary arena of scholarship on colonial and postcolonial discourse, psychoanalysis, history, philosophy, anthropology, political science, and literary criticism.

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Discourse on Colonialism

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Monthly Review Press #ad - . It isequally necessary to decolonize our minds, our inner life, at the sametime that we decolonize society. An interview with Césaire by the poetRené Depestre is also included. Aimé césaire eloquently describes the brutal impact of capitalism andcolonialism on both the colonizer and colonized, exposing thecontradictions and hypocrisy implicit in western notions of "progress"and "civilization" upon encountering the "savage, " "uncultured, " or"primitive.

Here, andculture, and their relevance, identity, Césaire reaffirms African values, reminding us that "the relationshipbetween consciousness and reality are extremely complex. Césaire's essay stands as an important document in the development ofthird world consciousness--a process in which he played a prominentrole.

Discourse on Colonialism #ad - Library journal this classic work, firstpublished in France in 1955, Latin America, profoundly influenced the generation ofscholars and activists at the forefront of liberation struggles inAfrica, and the Caribbean. Nearly twenty years later, discourse on colonialisminspired a new generation engaged in the Civil Rights, andanti-war movements and has sold more than 75, when published for the first time in English, Black Power, 000 copies to date.

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